Computer engineering is the branch of engineering that integrates electronic engineering with computer sciences. Computer engineers design and develop computer systems and other technological devices.
Some of the most prominent pioneers in computer hardware include:
- Blaise Pascal, inventor of the mechanical calculator;
- Charles Babbage, inventor of the Analytical Engine;
- J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, builders of ENIAC, and later UNIVAC, the first computer to be sold commercially;
- Nicholas Metropolis, designer of the MANIAC I computer;
- William Shockley and his team at Bell Labs, inventors of the transistor;
- Seymour Cray, the “Father of Supercomputing”;
- Steve Wozniak, designer of the Apple I and II personal computers and co-founder of Apple Computer along with Steve Jobs;
- Adam Osborne, developer of the first portable computer, the Osborne 1; and
- Douglas Engelbart and Bill English, co-inventors of the computer mouse and developers of hypertext, computer networks and the graphical user interface (GUI).